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duval county, texas history

duval county, texas history

The average price of ranches for sale in Duval County was $2 million. In 1858 the Texas legislature formed Duval County, which originally embraced 1,887 square miles, from parts of Nueces, Live Oak, and Starr counties. Ironically, it was an Anglo, a former cowhand and schoolteacher named Archer Parr, who turned this imbalance to his advantage by soliciting the Mexican Americans, whom his fellow Anglo politicians had traditionally ignored. History: Coahuiltecans, displaced by Comanche bands.Mexican settlement began in 1812. The County is located in the south-central area of the state. County organization did not occur until eighteen years later. Community See All. Duval County at that time was described as "one extended pasture, and, from the preponderance of the sheep interest, may properly be termed a great sheep walk. The county's 168 farms in 1880, 165 of which were operated by their owners, had an average size of 2,871 acres, and the county had 6,572 acres of improved farmland; ten years later, after the price of wool had dropped, the number of farms had declined to 102, all but one of which were operated by their owners, with an average size of 2,898 acres; the amount of improved farmland in the county had dropped to 4,331 acres. From this original area of 1,887 square miles the southern part was detached in 1913 to make a new county known as Dunn, with 888 square miles. A Professor of American History The University of Texas With the Assistance of Ernest William Winkler, M.A. Duval County is in south central Texas about fifty miles inland from the Gulf of Mexico and seventy-three miles north of the Rio Grande. Handbook of Texas Online, This arrangement, which one Duval County official called "frankly corrupt but fully benevolent," allowed Parr, and later his son George B. Parr, a free hand in running the affairs of the county, and became a way of life there. Guide to Duval County Texas ancestry, family history, and genealogy research page. Since 1916, the Duval County Courthouse has served as the seat of government for thecounty. History. Places in the county include San Diego (county seat), Benavides, Freer, Concepcion, San Jose, Ramirez, and Realitos. Unfortunately, due to the coronavirus (COVID-19), this year's history and festivities will be shared online. A majority of the population have always been Mexican. At least part of the overall decline can be attributed to the problematic nature of the local economy. There's some spooky history here in Texas. The oil boom in Duval County did not last. The climate is subtropical-subhumid. Duval County, Texas. Between 1912 and 1918 Ed C. Lasater, a wealthy South Texas rancher, and C. W. Robinson, the Duval County Democratic chairman, both attempted to bring Parr down, but neither succeeded. George Parr, the "Duke of Duval," and his cronies became more deeply entrenched than ever, despite his imprisonment in 1936 for tax evasion. Until recently Duval was one of the South Texas counties with an area of more than a million acres, over twice the average size of the counties in the more populous and better developed sections of the state. Soy de Duval, the Nineteenth Century History of Duval County, Texas. 5. At the peak of manufacturing in 1900 the county had only seven manufacturing establishments that together employed only twenty-eight people, and throughout most of the twentieth century the number of such establishments has ranged between two and six. Between 1873 and 1883 Duval County reportedly had more sheep than any other county in the United States. The county being without perennial streams, dependence has been placed on wells, and only a small per cent of the land has yet been brought under cultivation. Where can find Duval County Birth, marriage, Divorce and Death Records? These chapters deal with the county’s Prehistory, Los Indios, Los Mexicanos, Los Españoles, Medio Mexico, and Los Americanos. In 1867 Father Claude Jaillet built a church in San Diego that became the only public place of worship between Corpus Christi and the Rio Grande. Historical Marker: Duval County Created by the Texas Legislature in 1858 and organized in 1879, Duval County played an important role in the economic and political development of South Texas.Early settlers came to this area in the mid-19th century from Mexico, and Anglo pioneers began arriving in the 1860s. The famous Box 13, which gave Johnson his eighty-seven-vote victory, was actually in Jim Wells County, but the manipulation of the returns was almost certainly directed by Parr. The census enumerators in 1910 found 34,652 cattle; about 7,000 horses and mules; less than 2,000 sheep, and 7,297 goats, much attention having been given to the latter industry. The first colonists came from Mier, Tamaulipas - and Anglos later respected their descendants as the old Mexican families. Little is known of the prehistory of the future Duval County. The Corpus Christi, San Diego and Rio Grande Narrow Gauge Railroad reached the county in 1879, and in 1881, after being taken over by the Texas Mexican Railroad, built across the county and on to Laredo, in Webb County. A Mexican first surveyed it in 1804, Jose Contrerras, surveyor general of San Luis Potosi.Luis Muniz was born there in 1828, the county's first recorded birth. By Phone/Fax (361) 256-3589 - Phone (361) 256-3589 - Fax (361) 209-2981 - Jorge Gonzalez Cell. Duval County, TX Vital Records. In the early 1980s Duval County had 80,795 cattle and calves, including 51,365 beef cows and 1,676 milk cows. The county was founded in 1858 and later organized in 1876. But in the mid-1880s a mysterious plague began killing the sheep, and after Grover Cleveland was elected president in 1884 on a platform that included eliminating the tariff on foreign wool, the price of wool dropped from twenty-six cents a pound to seven cents a pound. John Clements, Flying the Colors: Texas, a Comprehensive Look at Texas Today, County by County (Dallas: Clements Research, 1984). The county was named for Burr H. Duval, who fought in the Texas Revolution and was killed in the Goliad Massacre. In 1959, for example, there were 716 farms, averaging 1,056 acres; in 1969 there were 825 farms, averaging 1,198 acres; and in 1982 there were 1,074 farms, averaging 904 acres. https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/duval-county. 941 people follow this. The courthouse was designed by Sanguinet, Staats, & Gottlieb , a successful and influential architecture firm in Texas. The northern part of the county drains into the Nueces River, while the central and southern parts drain into the Laguna Madre through Baffin Bay. It is named for Juan de Ugalde, the Spanish governor of Coahuila.Uvalde County was founded by Reading Wood Black who also founded the city of Uvalde, Texas. The county seat is Jacksonville, with which the Duval County government has been consolidated since 1968. Duval County Historical Museum P.O. The bottom fell out of the Duval County sheep. The more personal history of Duval that follows was researched by Anna Galloway of Austin who suggested Duval be included in our town pages. Source: A History of Texas and Texans by Frank W. Johnson, A Leader in the Texas Revolution Edited and Brought to Date by Eugene C. Barker, Ph.D. A The community Perez established there, called Perezville, was the precursor of San Diego. To the the lay reader Duval County evokes thoughts of political intrigue. Despite this civilizing influence, however, Duval County could still be a wild and dangerous place. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records. Duval County produced 351,999 pounds of peanuts in 1959 and 1,142,407 pounds in 1969, but by 1982 the local harvest had declined to insignificance. The growing season averages 298 days annually. The largest communities are San Diego (population 4,417, with 3,247 inhabitants in Duval County and the rest in Jim Wells County) and Freer, with 2,791 residents. Create New Account. Also in 1848 Henry Lawrence Kinney and William Leslie Cazneau cut a road from Corpus Christi to Laredo that passed through San Diego. More than 1,365,000 barrels of oil, and 72,169,865 thousand cubic feet of gas well gas, were produced in the county in 2004; by the end of that year 585,742,696 barrels of oil had been taken from county lands since 1905. Duval County has always been somewhat off the beaten track of development. Agnes G. Grimm, Llanos Mesteñas: Mustang Plains (Waco: Texian Press, 1968). History of Duval County. In 1918 D. W. Glasscock, with the support of Governor William P. Hobby and the Texas Rangers, came close to ending Parr's political career. NULL Duval County is in Rio Grande Plains Texas. Box 506 Benavides, Texas 78341. County created from Live Oak, Nueces, and Starr counties in 1858, organized in 1876; named for Burr H. Duval, a victim of Goliad massacre. Duval County, Texas On this date in 1948, Box 13 in Duval County provided Lyndon Johnson the victory margin as the gangly congressman from Johnson City won a hotly contested Senate race by … The Venado Indians, a Coahuiltecan hunting and gathering group, roamed the area in the 1700s. 24 Garza, Aida. European exploration of the area apparently began in the eighteenth century, as the road between Mier and Goliad passed through the area. Even though Duval County lies in the United States, it has long been Mexican in character. It was named in honor of Capt. From its peak of 20,289,399 barrels in 1938, production dropped steadily. Of those twenty-five and older, 60 percent had graduated from high school and 9 percent had college degrees. Duval County, Florida Duval County Education, Geography, and History. In gratitude to Alfredo E. Cardenas for keeping our history alive!! In the 1988 and 1992 presidential elections 82 percent of the county's voters cast ballots for the Democratic candidate. For nearly twenty years the county remained unorganized, being attached to adjoining counties for judicial purposes. The chief crop was cotton, with an acreage in 1909 of 17,478, and the corn crop was 1,876 acres. In Person Duval County Groundwater Conservation District 225 East Railroad Avenue Benavides, Texas 78341. II, The American Historical Society Chicago and New York 1916 - Transcribed by … The vegetation consists of small trees, shrubs, and cacti, with large areas of brush. The seminomadic Coahuiltecans hunted bison, deer, javelinas, and smaller mammals, as well as snakes, lizards, terrapins, and other reptiles. Texas State Historical Association (TSHA), http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml. They sent orders to the citizens of San Diego to bring enough money to buy the stolen hides or enough men to skin the hide-peelers. In 1910 Duval County had 42,397 acres of improved farmland and 633 farms, 249 of which were operated by tenants, averaging 805 acres. / Duval County Public Schools is an equal opportunity school district. document.write(cy); Hebbronville was chiefly noted as a cattle shipping point, and has now acquired the additional dignity of being a county seat. The number of human beings rose with the sheep; in 1880 there were 5,732 people in the county, more than five times as many as in 1870, and Duval County seemed well on its way to lasting prosperity. DCPS has policies and procedures in place to protect its employees, students and anyone associated with the District from discrimination, harassment, sexual harassment or retaliation. Javascript is required to view this map. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 864,263. State Highway 44 passes through the county from east to west, and State Highway 16 crosses from north to south. Professor of American History The University of Texas With the Assistance of Ernest William Winkler, M.A. In a Mexican and Indian raid of 1878 the raiders committed murder and depredations at the Toribio, Soledad and Charco Escondido ranches in this county, while a company of United States cavalry was stationed at San Diego. They were disrupted by the Apache and Comanche incursions from the north and by the Spanish pushing north from Mexico. Northern Duval County is characterized by loamy cracking or crumbly clayey soils, deep to moderately deep, that overlie indurated caliche. The Texas Almanac for 1867, speaking collectively of Dimmit and Duval counties, said; "At present there are but four stock raisers in these counties, and a scant population is all they will ever probably have, unless they should be found to possess mineral wealth not now known to exist." Western Duval County is characterized by deep soils with loamy surface layers and loamy or clayey subsoils, and loamy soils with indurated caliche at shallow to moderate depths. Duval County's reputation for political corruption peaked with Lyndon B. Johnson's election to the United States Senate in 1948. In 1940, at the height of the oil boom, the county population was 20,565. It formed a great block of territory co-extensive with the western boundary of the original Nueces County. In 1880 county ranchers reported 196,684 sheep, up from 34,325 ten years before; a few years later the county reportedly had more than 400,000. HOME Two highways cross the county diagonally: U.S. Highway 59 and State Highway 359. In 1910 there were 2,235 of Mexican birth, and upwards of 3,000 inhabitants of Mexican parentage. The county comprises 1,795 square miles of nearly level to undulating terrain with an elevation ranging from 250 to 800 feet above sea level. This county was created from portions of Live Oak, Nueces and Starr Counties in 1858 and organized In 1876. Uvalde County (/ j uː ˈ v æ l d i / yoo-VAL-dee) is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas.As of the 2010 census, its population was 26,405. Duval County Courthouse 400 E Gravis Ave, San Diego, TX 78384. There were only 60,160 sheep in the county in 1890 and only 3,627 by 1900. reset. The arrival of the railroad accelerated the sheep boom. But cynics said that Ellis had simply stalled until rain appeared inevitable, and doubts remained about the practicality of the technique. Benavides became the county seat of Dunn County, while Hebbronville was accorded a similar honor for Jim Hogg County. The trend peaked in 1930, when county farmers harvested 67,473 acres of cropland. Duval County is a county located in the state of Texas. The following brief survey of Duval County applies generally to the former territory, before the creation of the two recent counties. A county government was organized about the same time, and it was as a result of the acquisition of railway facilities that the county had its chief development. 23 Remarkable Conditions in Duval County: Protest By Citizens Against Proposed Division, Privately printed pamphlet can be found in the Eugene C. Barker Texas History Center, Circa 1915. pp. At that time, however, fewer than 7 percent of residents over the age of twenty-five had completed high school. Duval County was created in 1822. The Handbook of Texas is free-to-use thanks to the support of readers like you. Shortly thereafter, Parr made two additional attempts to divide Duval County. There is a fee for each copy requested. Support the Handbook today. San Diego has always been the chief center of population, estimated at between 1,500 and 2,000 for the past twenty years. The Texas Legislature established Duval County on February 1, 1858, naming it for Burr H. Duval, a soldier in the Texas Revolution who died in the Goliad Massacre. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 11,782. The U.S. Census counted 11,533 people living in Duval County in 2014; about 10 percent were Anglo and 88.5 percent Hispanic. accessed December 03, 2020, These people, many of whom were desperately poor, gave up their political autonomy in exchange for county jobs and occasional cash disbursements of questionable legality from the county treasury. David Montejano, Anglos and Mexicans in the Making of Texas, 1836–1986 (Austin: University of Texas Press, 1987). It was named for Burr H. Duval, who fought in the Texas Revolution and was killed in the Goliad Massacre.. A The battles between the Botas and Guaraches ("boots" and "sandals," or Republicans and Democrats) were often ferocious. Freer holds a rattlesnake roundup in April. The roads from San Diego to Mier, to Rio Grande, and to Eagle Pass, Texas … Duval County, Texas Duval County Education, Geography, and History. Duval County Texas Family Ranch Cemeteries has 549 members. qqv Duval County has always been somewhat off the beaten track of development" (Handbook of Texas Online, Duval County, Texas). In 1982, 86 percent of Duval County's estimated population of 12,900 were of Hispanic origin, the eighth-highest percentage in the United States; 7 percent were of English descent, 5 percent of German descent, and 5 percent of Irish descent. Font size: / The original Duval County had three important towns, San Diego, Benavides and Hebbronville. After several delays because of unsettled weather, a two-day bombardment of the sky apparently paid off with a downpour. But then I hit a brick wall with a chapter called El Terreno having to do with land titles. In the same year forty-nine square miles in the southwest corner of the original Duval was attached to the new County of Jim Hogg. Through the establishment of Pat Dunn and Lanham counties he apparently hoped to increase the patronage jobs and tax revenue at his disposal, but he was foiled both times. It is a story of a frontier people with an indomitable spirit. A party of Anglos chose the latter option, attacked the outlaw's camp, and scattered the rustlers. Even after the demise of the Parr machine in 1975 Democrats continued to dominate. The Parrs found it expedient to keep the people of Duval County dependent on their largesse, and so placed little emphasis on the state of education in the county. Duval County Texas Historical Museum. The Duval County Portal, is a database driven, self maintained dynamic, interactive web portal, designed to be useful and informative, used by the community to provide access to county information. 37 check-ins. Duval was one of the counties created by the act of February 1,1858, providing for a subdivision of unorganized territory in the counties of rectangular shape. The average minimum temperature is 43° F in January, and the average maximum temperature is 98° in July. This year's celebration will be held Nov. 1 and 2 and would have been the fourth annual Dia de los Muertos event held at the Duval County Texas Historical Museum. "A Brief Account of the Development of Benavides, Texas." In the early twentieth century, when farming began to replace ranching as the county's most important agricultural pursuit, the trend was toward more and smaller farms and more tenant farming. Based on the 2010 census, its population was 11,782. Duval County is a county located in the State of Florida. By the time Parr was elected to the state Senate in 1914, his control over the affairs of the county was virtually absolute. --Editor "I was born in Brackenridge Hospital, Austin and my parents lived on a farm that was the location of the former town of Duval, Texas. 1-40. Duval County vital records can be found at the Texas Office of Vital Records has copies of birth and death records reported from 1903. Of the total area of 1,168,000 acres, about 42,000 acres had been reclaimed so as to be regarded "improved land."

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